BAY TREE


BAY TREE
The oren, mentioned only once in the Bible (Isa. 44:14), is identified in the Talmud (RH 23a) with ara, the bay tree. It is mentioned in the Mishnah (Par. 3:8) as being among the trees that were used in preparing the fire for the burning of the red heifer. From it (according to one reading) long poles were made for the beacons that were kindled to announce the New Moon (RH 2:3). In Israel it is an important forest-tree that grows extensively on moist mountain slopes. An evergreen, its aromatic leaves are used for seasoning food, and were, according to the Talmud, an ingredient in a cure for intestinal worms (Git. 69b). In modern Hebrew oren denotes the pine tree, an identification that is based on the Septuagint, but the pine is the biblical eẓ shemen. The translation of oren as "ash" (AV) or as "cedar" (RV) is untenable, the latter being the biblical erez. In modern Hebrew the bay tree is called dafnah or eẓ aẓil. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 2 (1924), 119–23; J. Feliks, Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (1957), 92. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 21. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bay tree — A species of laurel. ({Laurus nobilis}). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bay tree — can refer to:* Bay Laurel * Umbellularia …   Wikipedia

  • bay tree — bay ,tree noun count a tree with leaves that are used as an HERB in cooking …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • bay tree — noun small Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors • Syn: ↑true laurel, ↑bay, ↑bay laurel, ↑Laurus nobilis • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • bay tree — 1. laurel (def. 1). 2. See California laurel (def. 1). [1520 30] * * * ▪ Laurus genus       any of several small trees with aromatic leaves, especially the sweet bay, or bay laurel (Laurus nobilis), source of the bay leaf (q.v.) used in cooking.… …   Universalium

  • bay tree — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms bay tree : singular bay tree plural bay trees a tree with leaves that are used as a herb in cooking …   English dictionary

  • Bay tree —    Named only in Ps. 37:35, Authorized Version. The Hebrew word so rendered is ereh, which simply means native born , i.e., a tree not transplanted, but growing on its native soil, and therefore luxuriantly. If the psalmist intended by this word… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • bay tree — /ˈbeɪ tri/ (say bay tree) noun → bay4 (def. 1) …   Australian English dictionary

  • bay-tree — n. Bay, laurel tree, sweet laurel …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • bay tree — n. kind of laurel, small evergreen tree with glossy green leaves …   English contemporary dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.